Ganesha Chaturthi – Vinayaka Chavithi is celebrated as the birthday of god Ganpati all over India with great devotion. Ganpati also known as god of knowledge, remover of obstacles and bless with wisdom, wealth, health and happiness.
21 sacred leaves are used to perform ganesh puja on this day, each patram is offered to lord ganpati by reciting specific mantram. Offering 21 Patra in Ganesha Chaturthi is also known as Eka Vimshanthi Pooja – Ekavimsati Patra Puja.
21 Leaves-Akulu Used In Ganesha Chaturthi-Vinayaka Chavithi Puja:
Machi Patram : Scientific name Artemisia Vulgaris, English name is Mugwort, Indian Wormwood.
Machi Patri called as Machipatri, Davanam in Telugu. Nagdona, Davana in Hindi. Dodda Gaadaari in Kannada. Makkippu, Maasipattiri in Tamil. Masipatri in Malayalam. Davana in Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Sumukhaya Namaha – Machi Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : cure skin diseases (leprosy, leucoderma), nervous diseases, abdominal related alignments.
Bruhati Patram : Scientific name Solanum Indicum, Solanum Anguivi. English names are Indian Night Shade, Poison Berry, Solanum, Bush Tomato
Brihati Patri called as Brihathi Patram, Pedda Mulaka, Tella Mulaka, Vaakudaaku, Chitti Mulaga in Telugu. Bari Khatai, Jangli Bhata, Vanabharata, Badikateri, Birhatta in Hindi. Heggulla, Kirugullia, Gulla in Kannada. Pappara Malli, Anachundai in Tamil. Cheruchunta, Cheru Vazhuthina, Putirichunda in Malayalam. Dorali in Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Ganadhipayanamaha – Bruhathi Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : asthma, cough, constipation, post natal periods in women.
Bilva Patram : Scientific name Aegle Marmelos. Known as Bael Tree, Bengal Quince, Golden Apple, Stone Apple, Wood Apple in English
Bilva Patri is called as Maredu, Bilvam, Maaredu in Telugu. Bel, Bela, Sriphal in Hindi. Bilva in Kannada. Vilvam in Tamil. Koovalam in Malayalam. Bel, Baela in Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Uma Putrayanamaha – Bilva Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : Dysentery, water purification.
Significance of Bilva Patra : Bilva leaf is favorite to Lord Shiva, it is used in worshipping Shiva Lingam (Abhishekam)
Durva Patram : Scientific name Cynodon dactylon / Cynodon Dacty. Called as Grass, Creeping Panic Grass, Couch Grass, Bahama Grass, Bermuda Grass, Dun Grass, Devil’s Grass, Doab Grass, Doorwa, Dog’s Teeth Grass in English
Durva Patri is called as Durvara patram, Dhurvayugmam, Garika, Grass, Garike Patram in Telugu. Doorva, Doob in Hindi. Ambate hullu, Garikae in Kannada. Arugu, Aruvam pillu, Mooyar pul, Arugampul in Tamil. Karuka pulli in Malayalam. Doorva, Haryali in Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Gajananaya Namaha – Durvapatram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : Skin diseases, arresting bleeding, anemia.
Significance of Durvara Patra : Durva, Garika, Grass is favorite to Lord Ganesh, it should be used in worshipping him in Vinayaka Chavithi.
Datura Patram : Scientific name Stramonium, Datura Metel Linn. Known as White Thorn Apple in English
Datura Patri is called as Ummetta, Ummettha, Erriummetta in Telugu. Dhatura in Hindi. Umbe in Kannada. Oomatthai, Karuvoomatthai in Tamil. Ummam in Malayalam. Dhatra in Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Harasunavenamaha – Dattura Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : joint pains, abdominal, skin diseases, hair fall, poisonous bites.
Badari Patram : Scientific name Ziziphus Mauritiana. Called as Ber, Desert Apple, Indian Plum, Indian Jujube in English
Badari Patri is called as Regi, Regu in Telugu. Desi Ber, Badari, Badar in Hindi. Borehannu in Kannada. Ilandai in Tamil. Lanta, Lantakkura in Malayalam. Bor in Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Lambodarayanamaha – Badari Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : digestive disorders, wounds and injuries, blood impurities. Also used for maintaining the voice.
Apamarga Patram : Scientific name Achyranthes Aspera. Known as Chirchita, Prickly Chaff in English.
Apamarga Patri is called as Uttarenu, Uttareni in Telugu. Chirchita, Latjira in Hindi. Uttarani in Kannada. Nayuruvi in Tamil. Katalati in Malayalam. Aghada in Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Guhagrajayaa namah – Apamarga Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : digestive disorders, poisonous bites.
Tulasi Patram : Scientific name Ocimum Sanctum / Ocimum Tenuiflorum. Known as Holy Basil, Tulasi, Tulsi in English
Tulsi Patri is called as Tulasi, Tulsi in Telugu, Hindi, Kannada, Tamil, Malayalam, Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Gaja Karnayanamaha – Tulasi Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : respiratory diseases, skin diseases, purify air, water and surroundings.
Significance of Tulasi Patra : Tulasi is favorite to Lord Vishnu, it is used in worshipping Lord Vishnu who is very much fond of it.
Choota Patram : Scientific name Mangifera Indica. Called as Mango in English.
Choota Patri is called as Mango Leaves, Mamidi Aaku, Mamidi Akulu in Telugu. Aam Patta in Hindi. Mavina in Kannada. Ambiram in Tamil. Amram in Malayalam. Amchur, Amba in Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Eka Dantayanamaha – Choota Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : Diabetics, cracked heals, diseases of throat.
Karaveera Patram : Scientific name Thevetia Neriifolia / Nerium indicum. Known as Oleander in English
Karaveera Patri is called as Ganneru Akulu in Telugu. Karavira, Kaner Patta in Hindi. Kanagilu, Kharjahar, Kanigale, Kanagile in Kannada. Sivappu, Arali, Sevvarali, Alari, Aatrulari in Tamil. Arali, Kanaveeram in Malayalam. Kanher in Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Vikatayanamaha – Karaveera Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : leprosy, wounds and injuries, hair fall, lice.
Vishnu Kranta Patram : Scientific name Evolvulus Alsinoides / Convolvulus Pluricaucis. Called as Shankhpushpi, Vishnukarandhi, Vishnukrantha, Vishnu Kranta, Vishukarandi, Sankaholi and Morning Glory in English
Vishnu Kranta Patri is called as Vishnukraanthamu, Vishnukanta in Telugu. Sankhapushpi, Vishnukranta, Shyamakranta in Hindi. Vishnukranti, Shankha Vaelu in Kannada. Vishnukranthi in Tamil, Malayalam, Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Bhinna Dantayanamaha – Vishnu Krantha Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : Nervous related, memory power
Daadimee Patram : Scientific name Punica Granatum. Known as Pomegranate in English
Daadimee Patri is called as Danimma Aku, Pomegranate Leaves in Telugu. Anar Ka Patte in Hindi. Dalimba, Dalimbe Haonu in Kannada. Madulam Pazham in Tamil. Mathalam in Malayalam. Dalimba in Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Vatavenamaha – Dhadimi Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : Dysentery, Vata, Pitta, Kapha dosha
Devadaru Patram : Scientific name Cedrus deodara. Called as Himalayan Cedar, Deodar Cedar in English
Devadaru Patri is called as Devdaar in Hindi. Devadaru in Telugu, Kannada, Tamil, Malayalam, Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Sarveswarayanamaha – Devadaru Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : skin diseases, wounds / injuries
Maruvaka Patram : Scientific name is Origanum Majorana. Known as Maruae, Marua, Maruvaka, Sweet Marjoram, Knotted Marjoram in English
Maruvaka Patri is called as Maruvam, Maruvamu in Telugu. Marubaka, Murva, Murwa, Marawaa, Maruvam in Hindi. Maruga in Kannada. Maruvu in Tamil. Maruvamu in Malayalam. Murva, Murwa in Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Phala chandrayanamaha – Maruvaka Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : Joint pains, skin diseases, heart diseases
Sindhuvara Patram : Scientific name Vitex Negundo. Called as Five-Leaved Chaste Tree, Chinese Chaste Tree, Indian Privet in English
Sindhuvara Patri is called as Vavili, Vavilaku in Telugu. Samhalu, Saubhalu, Nirgandi, lagundi in Hindi. Bile-Nekki in Kannada. Nirkunnchi, Nallanochi in Tamil. Indrani in Malayalam. Nirgundi in Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Herambhayanamaha – Sindhuvara Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : Vaata related problems, used in anti poisonous drugs.
Jaji Patram : Scientific name Jasminum Grandiflorum / Myristica Fragrams. Called as Jasmine, Common Jasmine in English
Jaji Patri is called as Jaji Malli, Jaji Malli Aku, Sannajaji in Telugu. Chameli in Hindi, Marathi. Mallige in Kannada. Malligai in Tamil, Malayalam.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Surpa Karnayanamaha – Jaji Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : skin diseases, Mouth related problems, indigestion.
Gandaki Patram : Scientific name Bauhinia Variegata. Called as Mountain Ebony, Orchid Tree, Poorman’s Orchid, Camel’s Foot, Buddhist Bauhinia in English.
Gandaki Patri is called as Devakanchanam in Telugu. Kachanar, Kanchanar, Kachnar in Hindi. Keyumandar, Kanchavala in Kannada. Sigappu Mandarai, Sihappu Mantarai in Tamil. Chuvanna Mandharam in Malayalam. Kanchana, Raktakancana in Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Suragrajaayanamaha – Gandaki Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : Heart related, Piles, Skin diseases.
Shami Patram : Scientific name Prosopis Spicigera. Called as Khejri Tree in English
Shami Patri is called as Jammi Aaku in Telugu. Jand, Khejri, Khejri in Hindi. Perumbai in Kannada. Parambai, Vanni in Tamil. Shami in Malayalam, Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Ibhavaktrayanamaha – Shami Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : respiratory problems.
Significance of Shami Patra : This tree is worshipped on Vijaya Dasami and we find people taking pradakshina around this tree on that day.
Aswatha Patram : Scientific name Ficus Religiosa. Called as Ashwatha, Ashvatha, Pippala, Pipal Tree, Peepal Tree, Sacred Fig, Sacred Ficus in English
Aswatha Patri is called as Raavi Aaku in Telugu. Pipala, Pipal, Pipli, Pipar, Peepul in Hindi. Ashwatha in Kannada. Ashwarthan in Tamil. Ashwatham in Malayalam. Pipal, Pimpal, Pippal in Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Vinayakayanamaha – Ashwattha Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : Its bark is used in preparation of many medicines. It is also used for arresting bleeding.
Significance of Aswatha Patra : This tree is considered as Trimurthi (3 Gods – Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva) swaroopa. Naga Devatha Pratishta and puja is performed under this tree.
Arjuna Patram : Scientific name Terminalia Arjuna. Called as White Marudah, Tropical Almond, Arjun, Malabar Almond, Arjuna in English.
Arjuna Patri is called as Tella Maddi Aku in Telugu. Arjun, Arjuna, Koha in Hindi. Maddi in Kannada. Marudha Maram, Attumarutu, Nirmarutu, Vellaimarutu, Marutu in Tamil. Marutu, Nirmarutu, Venmarutu in Malayalam. Arjuna in Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Sura Sevithayanamaha – Arjuna Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : Joint pains, Vata / Pitta / Kapha related, heart diseases, wounds and septic conditions.
Arka Patram : Scientific name is Calotropis Procera. Called as Madar, Milk Weed, Rooster Tree, Mudar Plant in English
Arka Patri is called as Jilledu Aku in Telugu. Arka, Aak, Madar in Hindi. Ekka, Ekkadagida, Ekkegida in Kannada. Erukku, Vellerukku in Tamil. Neela Eukku in Malayalam. Rui in Marathi.
Mantra to recite while offering : Om Kapilayanamaha – Arka Patram Samarpayami
Used To Treat : poisonous bites, wounds and injuries, curing skin diseases, leprosy, tumors, joint pains, etc… It is called as a healing herb and has 64 varieties of medicinal properties and usage.
Significance of Arka Patra : This tree is worshipped on Ratha Sapthami and we find usage of this leaf on this day also. It is associated with the worship of Sun God, Lord Hanuman and also Lord Ganesha.
There are four more leaves are mentioned for Patra puja as per mentioned in Bhavishya Purana.
- Brungaraja Patra – Eclipta Alba
- Mala Patri
- Ketaki Patram – Pandanus Odoratissimus
- Agasthya Patta – Sesbania Grandifolia
Note : Some priests says not to use tulsi leaves in ganesh puja, some says tulsi leaves can be used only in Vinayaka Chavithi and we should not use in any other ganesh pooja. So we request you to recheck with your nearest purohit.